Council of Europe

At European level and on a global scale, too, there are laws and standards for the protection of privacy and personal data. Here are the main European legal instruments:
  • European Convention on the Protection of Human Rights: article 8
  • Convention 108 for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data
    On 28 January 1981 the Council of Europe approved this Convention 108, striving towards protection of individuals' privacy in the processing of their data with new information and communication systems. It also imposes some obligations, but only towards European Union member states. The convention is still extremely relevant because it must also be observed in areas that are not part of the scope of the European legal system (such as state security or criminal law).
    The Explanatory Report to the Convention also contains interesting information.
  • Additional protocol to the Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data, regarding supervisory authorities and transborder data flows + explanatory report
  • Recommendation R(87)15 of the Committee of Ministers of 17 September 1987 regulating the use of personal data in the police sector